Anguilla Trusts Act

REVISED STATUTES OF ANGUILLA

CHAPTER T70

TRUSTS ACT

Showing the Law as at 15 December 2000

Published by Authority

Printed in

The Attorney General’s Chambers

ANGUILLA

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means (including

photocopying) without the written permission of the Government of Anguilla except as permitted by the

Copyright Act or under the terms of a licence from the Government of Anguilla.

Government of Anguilla

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TRUSTS ACT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

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PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS

S

ART 1ECTION

1. Interpretation

2. Application of Act

3. Validity of trust

4. Creation of a trust

5. Duration of a trust and of accumulation of income

6. Restrictions upon validity of a trust

7. Property that may be held on trust

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THE SETTLOR, BENEFICIARIES AND PURPOSES OF A TRUST

8. Who may be the settlor of a trust

9. Beneficiaries of a trust

10. Nature of a beneficial interest

11. Protective or spendthrift trusts

12. Letters or memoranda of wishes

13. Definition of charitable purpose

14. Trusts for non-charitable purpose

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PROTECTORS AND TRUSTEES

15. Protector of a trust

16. Who may be the trustee of a trust

17. The number of trustees

18. Appointment of new or additional trustees

19. Appointment of trustee resident in Anguilla

20. Renunciation of trusteeship

21. Resignation or removal of trustees

22. Nature of trustees’ and protectors’ interests

23. Trust company may act by resolution

24. Trustees of more than one trust

25. Dealings by trustees with third parties

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DUTIES AND POWERS OF TRUSTEES

26. General duties of trustees

27. Duty to supply information and duty of confidentiality

28. Duty of trustees to act together

29. Duty to act impartially

30. General powers of trustees

31. Powers of investment

32. Powers of trustees: Schedule 2

33. Delegation by trustees

34. Reimbursement of expenses

35. Payment of trustees

36. Power to appropriate

37. Power and duty of maintenance

38. Power of advancement

39. Accumulation and maintenance settlements

40. Receipt of parents or guardians

41. Power of appointment

42. Power of revocation or variation

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TERMINATION OR FAILURE OF TRUSTS

43. Failure or lapse of interest

44. Application of property held on charitable trusts

45. Termination of trusts

46. Termination by beneficiaries

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VARIATION OF TRUSTS

47. Power to provide for variation of terms of trust

48. Variation of trusts by the Court

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BREACH OF TRUST

49. Liability for breach of trust

50. Constructive trusts

51. Tracing trust property

52. Beneficiary may relieve or indemnify a trustee

53. Power to relieve trustees from personal liability

54. Power to make beneficiaries indemnify

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P

POWERS OF THE COURT

55. Jurisdiction of the Court

56. General powers of the Court

57. Application for directions

58. Payment of costs

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CHOICE OF GOVERNING LAW

59. Governing law

60. Matters determined by governing law

61. Exclusion of foreign law

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PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO A FOREIGN TRUST

62. Application of Part

63. Enforceability of a foreign trust

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VARIANT TYPES OF TRUST

64. Variant types of trust

65. Provisions of variant types of trust

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OPTIONAL REGISTRATION OF TRUSTS AND EXEMPTION FROM TAXES

66. Facility to register trusts

67. Exemption from taxes

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SUPPLEMENTAL

68. Regulations

69. Citation

SCHEDULE 1: Authorised Trustee Investments

SCHEDULE 2: Powers of Trustees

 

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TRUSTS ACT

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PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS

ART 1

Interpretation

1.

“bankrupt”, in relation to a company, includes a company that is insolvent and “bankruptcy” shall be

construed accordingly;

“beneficiary” means a person entitled to benefit under a trust or in whose favour a power to distribute

trust property may be exercised;

“breach of trust” means a breach of a duty imposed on a trustee by this Act or by the terms of the trust

or otherwise imposed on him as trustee by any rule of law or equity;

“company” means a body corporate wherever incorporated;

“Court” means the High Court;

“disposition”, in relation to property, means any form of conveyance, transfer, assignment, lease,

mortgage, pledge or other transaction by which any legal or equitable interest in property is

created, transferred or extinguished and “dispose” shall be construed accordingly;

“family”, in relation to an individual, means his father and mother, his spouse, the father and mother

of his spouse, his brothers and sisters and the brothers and sisters of his spouse, his children

and remoter issue and the spouses of such children and issue;

“formalities”, in relation to a disposition of property, means any documentary or other actions

required generally by the laws of a relevant jurisdiction for all dispositions of like form

concerning property of like nature without regard to—

(a) the fact that the particular disposition is made in trust;

(b) the terms of the trust;

(c) the circumstances of the parties to the disposition; or

(d) any other particular circumstances;

but includes any special formality required by reason that the party effecting the disposition is

not of full age, is subject to a mental or bodily infirmity or is a company;

“functions” includes rights, powers, discretions, obligations, liabilities and duties;

“governing law” means the law governing a trust executed in Anguilla or elsewhere;

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“he”, “him” or “his”, in relation to a company, includes “it” and “its”, as the case may be;

“heirship right” means any right, claim or interest in, against or to property of a person arising or

occurring in consequence of that person’s death, other than the right, claim or interest created

by will or other voluntary disposition by the person or resulting from an express limitation in

the disposition of the property of such person;

“insolvency” includes the making of an administration order, the appointment of a receiver and the

bankruptcy of any person;

“insurance” includes assurance;

“interest”, in relation to a beneficiary, means his interest under a trust;

“Judge” means a Judge of the Court;

“minor” means a person who has not attained full age under the law of his domicile;

“personal relationship” includes any form of relationship by blood or marriage, including former marriage,

and in particular a personal relationship between two persons that exists if—

(a) one is the child of the other, natural or adopted (whether or not the adoption is recognised

by law), legitimate or illegitimate;

(b) one is married to the other, whether or not the marriage is recognised by law;

(c) one cohabits with the other or so conducts himself or herself in relation to the other as

to give rise in any jurisdiction to any rights, obligations or responsibilities analogous

to those of parents and child or husband and wife; or

(d) personal relationships exist between each of them and a third person;

but no change in circumstances causes a personal relationship once established to terminate;

“personal representative” means the executor or administrator of the estate of a deceased person;

“prescribed” means prescribed by regulation;

“profit” includes gain or advantage;

“property”—

(a) means property of any description, wherever situated, including any share in it;

(b) in relation to rights and interests, includes rights and interests whether vested, contingent,

defeasible or future;

“protective or spendthrift trust” has the meaning ascribed to it by section 11;

“protector” means a person appointed as protector under the terms of a trust and capable of enforcing

it, whether or not he has other functions conferred upon him in relation to the trust;

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“provisions of this Act” includes the provisions of any order made under it;

“settlor”, in relation to a trust, means each person who directly or indirectly, on behalf of himself or

any other, as owner or as the holder of a power in that behalf, disposes of property to be held

in the trust or declares or otherwise creates the trust;

“terms of a trust” means the written or oral terms of a trust, and any other terms applicable to it under

its proper law;

“trust” means the relationship that exists when a person (known as a “trustee”) holds or has vested in

him, or is deemed to hold or have vested in him, property that does not form, or that has

ceased to form, part of his own estate—

(a) for the benefit of any person (known as a “beneficiary”) whether or not yet ascertained

or in existence;

(b) for any valid charitable or non-charitable purpose that is not for the benefit only of the

trustee; or

(c) for both (a) and (b);

and includes—

(d) the trust property; and

(e) the functions, interests and relationships under the trust;

“trust company” means a company that holds a trust company licence under the Trust Companies and

Offshore Banking Act;

“trust property” means property held on trust;

“trustee” includes a trust company;

“unit trust” means a trust established for the purpose, or having the effect, of providing, for persons

having funds available for investment, facilities for the participation by them as beneficiaries

under the trust in any profits or income arising from the acquisition, holding, management or

disposal of property.

(2) For the purposes of this Act, a company is resident in the place in which it has its registered

office.

(3) Any reference in this Act to an enactment is, unless the context otherwise requires, a reference

to that enactment as amended, extended, re-enacted, or applied by or under any other enactment,

including this Act.

Application of Act

2.

(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (4), this Act applies to trusts created before or after 1st

January, 1995.

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(2) Sections 1, 3, 6 and 51 and Parts 8 to 10, 12 and 13 apply to all trusts; the other sections of

this Act shall apply only to trusts the proper law of which is the law of Anguilla.

(3) For greater certainty, section 18 of the Limitation Act applies to all trusts.

(4) Where, in the opinion of the Court, the application of this Act to a trust created before 1

st

January, 1995 would likely result in an injustice, the Court may, on application by a person interested

in the trust, instead of making an order under this Act make any order in relation to the trust that it

could have made under the Trustee Ordinance (Cap. 355) or the Trustees’ Relief Act (Cap. 357)

immediately before their repeal, and that order shall be as valid and effectual as if the Ordinance or

Act had not been repealed.

(5) For the purposes of this section, a trust is created at the time at which property is first

received by or vested in the trustee to be held by him in accordance with the terms of the trust.

Validity of trust

3.

Subject to the provisions of this Act, a trust is valid and enforceable in Anguilla.

Creation of a trust

4.

writing (including a will or codicil), by conduct, by operation of law or in any other manner.

(2) A unit trust may be created only by an instrument in writing.

(3) No formalities or technical expressions are required for the creation of a trust if the intention

of the settlor to create a trust is clearly manifested.

(4) A trust respecting land situated in Anguilla, other than a trust arising by operation of law,

is unenforceable unless evidenced in writing.

(1) A trust, other than a unit trust, may be created by oral declaration, or by an instrument in

Duration of a trust and of accumulation of income

5.

of the trust.

(2) The rules of law known as the rules against perpetuities shall not apply to a trust.

(3) For the avoidance of doubt, it is declared that the rules referred to in subsection (2)

include—

(a) the application or effect of those rules in respect of accumulations; and

(b) the rule of law prohibiting trusts of perpetual duration.

(4) The terms of a trust may direct or authorise the accumulation of all or part of the income

of the trust for a period not exceeding the maximum duration of the trust.

(1) An instrument creating or varying a trust may provide for the duration and date of termination

Restrictions upon validity of a trust

6.

with its terms.

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(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, a trust shall be valid and enforceable in accordanceTrusts Act R.S.A. c. T70

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(2) A trust shall be invalid and unenforceable—

(a) to the extent that—

(i) it purports to do anything contrary to the law of Anguilla,

(ii) it purports to confer any right or power or impose any obligation the exercise of

which or the carrying out of which is contrary to the law of Anguilla, or

(iii) it has no beneficiary identifiable or ascertainable, unless the trust was created for

a valid charitable or non-charitable purpose; or

(b) to the extent that the Court declares that—

(i) the trust was established by duress, fraud, mistake, undue influence or misrepresentation,

(ii) the trust is immoral or contrary to public policy,

(iii) the terms of the trust, other than a trust for a charitable purpose, are so uncertain

that its performance is rendered impossible, or

(iv) the settlor was, at the time of its creation, incapable under the law in force in

Anguilla of creating such a trust.

(3) A charitable purpose shall be deemed always to be capable of performance.

(4) Where a trust is created for 2 or more purposes of which some are lawful and others are

not, or where some of the terms of a trust are invalid and others are not—

(a) if those purposes cannot be separated or the terms cannot be separated, the trust is

invalid;

(b) if those purposes can be separated or the terms can be separated, the Court may

declare that the trust is valid as to the terms that are valid and the purposes that are

lawful.

(5) Where a trust is partially invalid, the Court may declare what property is to be held subject

to the trust.

(6) Property provided by a settlor and as to which a trust is invalid shall, subject to any order

of the Court, be held by the trustee in trust for the settlor absolutely or, if he is dead, as if it had

formed part of his estate at his death.

(7) Where a trust is created under the law of Anguilla, the Court shall not vary it or set it aside

or recognise the validity of any claim against the trust property pursuant to the law of another

jurisdiction or the order of a Court of another jurisdiction in respect of—

(a) the personal and proprietary consequences of marriage or the termination of marriage;

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(b) succession rights (whether testate or intestate) including the fixed shares of spouses or

relatives;

(c) the claims of creditors in an insolvency; or

(d) the imposition of any foreign tax or duty.

(8) Subsection (7) shall have effect notwithstanding the provisions of the Reciprocal

Enforcement of Judgments Act.

Property that may be held on trust

7.

(2) A trustee may accept from any person property to be held on trust.

(3) A trustee shall not be bound to accept property to be held on trust but, where a trustee

accepts property subject to the performance of an obligation, the trustee shall be deemed to have

given to the settlor of that property for good consideration an undertaking to perform that obligation.

(4) Where a settlor declares a trust respecting property he does not own at the time of the

declaration, the trust is incompletely constituted at the time of the declaration and no rights or duties

arise under it.

(5) If the settlor subsequently receives property that was the intended subject matter of the

declaration of trust, the Court shall at the instance of the beneficiary or the trustee and, whether the

beneficiary has given consideration for the declaration of trust or not, compel the settlor to transfer

that property to the trustee or to hold that property on the terms of the trust.

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THE SETTLOR, BENEFICIARIES AND PURPOSES OF A TRUST

(1) Any property may be held by or vested in a trustee upon trust.ART 2

Who may be the settlor of a trust

8.

may be the settlor of a trust.

(2) The settlor may also be a trustee, a beneficiary or a protector of the trust.

(1) Any person who has under the law of Anguilla the capacity to own and transfer property

Beneficiaries of a trust

9.

to some person (whether or not living at the time of creation of the trust) or otherwise by reference to

a description or to a class.

(2) The terms of a trust may—

(a) provide for the addition of a person as a beneficiary or the exclusion of a beneficiary

or the exclusion of a beneficiary from benefit under the trust;

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(b) impose an obligation on a beneficiary as a condition of benefit under the trust.

(3) Where a trust is in favour of a class of persons then, subject to the terms of the trust—

(a) the class closes when it is no longer possible for any other person to become a member

of the class;

(b) a woman over the age of 65 years shall be deemed to be no longer capable of bearing

a child; and

(c) where the interest of the class relates to income, and no member of the class exists, the

income shall be accumulated and retained until a member of the class exists or the

class closes.

(4) A beneficiary may—

(a) disclaim his whole interest under a trust; or

(b) subject to the terms of the trust, disclaim part of his interest under a trust, whether or

not he has received some benefit from his interest.

(5) Subject to the terms of the trust, a disclaimer—

(a) shall be in writing;

(b) may be temporary; and

(c) may, if the disclaimer so provides, be revoked in the manner and under the circumstances

specified in it.

(6) Where a beneficiary disclaims the whole or part of his interest under a trust the like consequences

shall apply under section 6(6) as if the trust were invalid with respect to that interest or that

part.

Nature of a beneficial interest

10.

(2) Subject to the terms of the trust, the interest of a beneficiary may be sold, pledged,

charged, transferred or otherwise dealt with in any manner whatsoever.

(1) The interest of a beneficiary is personal property.

Protective or spendthrift trusts

11.

(a) subject to termination;

(b) subject to a restriction on alienation of or dealing in that interest or any part of that

interest; or

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(c) subject to diminution or termination in the event of the beneficiary becoming insolvent

or any of his property becoming liable to seizure or sequestration for the benefit

of his creditors;

and the trust shall be known as a protective or a spendthrift trust.

(2) Where any property is directed to be held on protective or spendthrift trust for the benefit

of a beneficiary, the trustee shall hold that property—

(a) in trust to pay the income to the beneficiary until the interest terminates in accordance

with the terms of the trust or a determining event occurs; and

(b) if a determining event occurs and, while the interest of the beneficiary continues, in

trust to pay the income to such of the following, and if more than one in such shares,

as the trustee in his absolute discretion shall appoint—

(i) the beneficiary and any spouse or child of the beneficiary,

(ii) if there is no such spouse or child, the beneficiary and the persons who would be

entitled to the estate of the beneficiary if he had then died intestate and domiciled

in Anguilla.

(3) In subsection (2), a “determining event” means the occurrence of any event or any act or

omission on the part of the beneficiary, other than the giving of consent to an advancement of trust

property, that would result in the whole or part of the income of the beneficiary from the trust

becoming payable to any person other than the beneficiary.

(4) Any rule of law or public policy that prevents a settlor from establishing a protective or a

spendthrift trust of which he is a beneficiary is hereby abolished.

Letters or memoranda of wishes

12.

a memorandum of the wishes of the settlor with regard to the exercise of any functions conferred

on the trustee by the terms of the trust.

(2) A beneficiary of a trust may give to the trustee a letter of his wishes or the trustee may

prepare a memorandum of the wishes of the beneficiary with regard to the exercise of any functions

conferred on the trustee by the terms of the trust.

(3) Where a trust is in favour of a class of persons, a member of that class may give to the

trustee a letter of his wishes or the trustee may prepare a memorandum of the wishes of that member

with regard to the exercise of any functions conferred on the trustee by the terms of the trust.

(4) Where a letter of wishes or a memorandum of wishes is given to or prepared by the trustee

of a trust, the trustee may have regard to that letter or memorandum in exercising any functions conferred

upon him by the terms of the trust, but the trustee shall not be bound to have regard to that

letter or memorandum and shall not be accountable in any way for his failure or refusal to have regard

to that letter or memorandum.

Anguilla

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(5) No fiduciary duty or obligation shall be imposed on a trustee merely by the giving to him

of a letter of wishes or the preparation by him of a memorandum of wishes.

Definition of charitable purpose

13.

shall be regarded as charitable—

(a) the relief of poverty;

(b) the advancement of education;

(c) the advancement of religion;

(d) the protection of the environment;

(e) the advancement of human rights and fundamental freedoms;

(f) any other purposes that are beneficial to the community.

(2) A purpose shall not be regarded as charitable unless the fulfilment of that purpose is for

the benefit of the community or a substantial section of the community having regard to the type and

nature of the purpose.

(3) A purpose may be regarded as charitable whether it is to be carried out in Anguilla or

elsewhere and whether it is beneficial to the community in Anguilla or elsewhere.

(1) For the purposes of this Act, and subject to subsections (2) and (3), the following purposes

Trusts for non-charitable purposes

14.

(a) the purpose is specific, reasonable and capable of fulfilment;

(b) the purpose is not immoral, unlawful or contrary to public policy; and

(c) the terms of the trust provide for the appointment of a protector who is capable of

enforcing the trust and for the appointment of a successor to any such protector.

(2) If the Attorney General has reason to believe that there is no protector of a trust for a noncharitable

purpose or the protector is unwilling or incapable of acting, he may apply to the Court for

the appointment of a person to be protector of the trust, and the Court may, unless it feels that the person

is not fit, by order declare him to be the protector to enforce the trust.

(3) The order of the Court under subsection (2) is conclusive evidence of the appointment of

the protector to enforce the trust and the appointment takes effect as from the date of the order.

(4) Where any costs are incurred by the Attorney General in connection with any application

under subsection (2), the Court may make such order as it considers just as to the payment of those

costs out of the assets of the trust.

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PROTECTORS AND TRUSTEES

ART 3

Protector of a trust

15.

(2) The protector has the following powers—

(a) unless the terms of the trust shall otherwise provide, the power to remove a trustee and

to appoint a new or additional trustee;

(b) the power to enforce the trust;

(c) such further powers as are conferred on the protector by the terms of the trust or the

provisions of this Act.

(3) The protector of a trust may also be a settlor, a trustee or a beneficiary of the trust.

(4) In the exercise of his office, the protector shall not be accounted or regarded as a trustee.

(5) Subject to the terms of the trust, in the exercise of his office a protector shall owe a

fiduciary duty to the beneficiaries of the trust or to the purpose for which the trust is created.

(6) Where there is more than one protector of a trust then, subject to the terms of the trust, any

functions conferred on the protectors may be exercised if more than one-half of the protectors for the

time being agree on its exercise.

(7) A protector who dissents from a decision of the majority of protectors may require his dissent

to be recorded in writing.

(1) The terms of a trust may provide for the office of the protector of the trust.

Who may be the trustee of a trust

16.

trustee of a trust.

(2) The trustee may also be a settlor, a beneficiary or a protector of the trust.

(1) Any person who has capacity other than a minor under the law of Anguilla may be the

The number of trustees

17.

shall be one.

(2) A trust shall not cease to be valid only on the ground that there is no trustee or fewer than

the number of trustees required by the terms of the trust.

(3) Where there is no trustee or fewer than the number of trustees required by the terms of the

trust, the necessary number of new or additional trustees shall be appointed and, until the minimum

number is reached, the surviving trustee, if any, shall act only for the purpose of preserving the trust

property.

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(4) Except in the case of a trust established for a charitable purpose—

(a) the number of trustees shall not be more than 4; and

(b) if at any time there are more than 4 persons named as trustees, only the first 4 persons

so named shall be the trustees of the trust.

Appointment of new or additional trustees

18.

trustee—

(a) the protector, if any;

(b) the trustees for the time being (but so that a trustee shall not be required to join in the

appointment of his replacement);

(c) the last remaining trustee;

(d) the personal representative or liquidator of the last remaining trustee; or

(e) if there is no such person or no such person willing to act, the Court;

may appoint a new or additional trustee.

(2) Subject to the terms of the trust, a trustee appointed under this section shall have the same

functions and may act as if he had been originally appointed a trustee.

(3) On the appointment of a new or additional trustee, anything requisite for vesting the trust

property in the trustees for the time being of the trust shall be done.

(1) Where the terms of a trust contain no provision for the appointment of a new or additional

Appointment of trustee resident in Anguilla

19.

apply to the Court for appointment of a person resident in Anguilla and nominated in the application

as an additional trustee.

(2) If satisfied that notice of the application has been served on the existing trustee, the Court,

after hearing any representations, may appoint a person who is willing to act as an additional trustee.

(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 17, the power contained in this section may be

exercised even it results in there being more than 4 trustees for the time being of the trust.

(4) The terms of a trust may expressly exclude the operation of subsections (1) and (2).

(1) Where there is no trustee resident in Anguilla, a beneficiary resident in Anguilla may

Renunciation of trusteeship

20.

trustee who knowingly intermeddles with the trust property shall be deemed to have accepted

appointment as a trustee.

R.S.A. c. T70

(1) No person shall be obliged to accept appointment as a trustee, but a person nominated asTrusts Act Anguilla

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(2) A person who has not accepted and is not deemed to have accepted appointment as a trustee

of a trust may within a reasonable period of time after becoming aware of his nomination as

trustee—

(a) disclaim his appointment by notice in writing to the other trustees of the trust, if any;

or

(b) if there are no other trustees or the other trustees cannot be contacted, apply to the

Court for relief from his appointment and the Court may make such order as it thinks

fit.

(3) A person nominated as a trustee who does not act under subsection (2) within a reasonable

period after becoming aware of his nomination shall be deemed to have accepted appointment as a

trustee.

Resignation or removal of trustees

21.

(2) A trustee shall cease to be a trustee immediately upon—

(a) the delivery of a notice of resignation under subsection (1);

(b) his removal from office by the Court;

(c) his removal from office by the protector of the trust; or

(d) the coming into effect of or the exercise of a power under a provision in the terms of

the trust under or by which he is removed from, or otherwise ceases to hold his office.

(3) A person who ceases to be a trustee or is a personal representative of a deceased trustee

shall do everything necessary to vest the trust property in the new or continuing trustees.

(4) A trustee who resigns or is removed—

(a) shall duly surrender all trust property held by or vested in him or otherwise under his

control; and

(b) may, before surrendering the trust property, require that he be provided with reasonable

security for liabilities whether existing, future, contingent or otherwise.

(5) A former trustee shall not be liable to any trustee or to any beneficiary or other person

interested under the trust for any act or omission in relation to the trust property or to his functions as

a trustee, except for any liability—

(a) arising from a breach of trust to which the trustee or, in the case of a trust company,

any of its officers or employees, was a party or was privy during the term of his

appointment; or

(b) in respect of an action to recover from the trustee or, in the case of a trust company,

any of its officers or employees, trust property or the proceeds thereof in his

possession or under his control.

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Nature of trustees’ and protectors’ interests

22.

(a) the interest of a trustee or protector in the trust property is limited to that which is necessary

for the proper performance of the trust; and

(b) the trust property does not form part of the trustee’s or protector’s estate.

(2) Where a trustee or protector of a trust is also a beneficiary of the trust, subsection (1) does

not apply to his interest as a beneficiary.

(3) Where a trustee or protector becomes insolvent, or upon his property becoming liable to

distraint, seizure, sequestration or similar process of law, his creditors shall have no recourse against

the trust property except to the extent that the trustee or protector himself has a claim against it or a

beneficial interest in it.

(1) Subject to subsection (2)—

Trust company may act by resolution

23.

(a) act in connection with a trust by a resolution of the trust company or of its board of

directors or other governing body; or

(b) appoint an officer or employee to act on its behalf in connection with the trust.

A trust company may—

Trustees of more than one trust

24.

or thing in relation to a trust if he obtained notice of it by reason of his acting or having acted as trustee

of another trust.

(2) A trustee of a trust shall disclose to his co-trustees any interest that he has as trustee of another

trust if any transaction in relation to the first-mentioned trust is to be entered into with the trustees

of the other trust.

(1) A trustee is not, in the absence of fraud, affected by notice of any instrument, matter, fact

Dealings by trustees with third parties

25.

acting as trustee, a claim by the third party in respect of the transaction or matter shall, subject to subsection

(3), extend only to the trust property.

(2) If the trustee fails to inform the third party that he is acting as trustee—

(a) he incurs personal liability to the third party in respect of the transaction or matter;

and

(b) he has a right of indemnity against the trust property in respect of his personal liability,

unless he acted in breach of trust.

(3) Nothing in this section shall prejudice any claim for breach of warranty of authority.

(4) A

R.S.A. c. T70

(1) Where, in a transaction or matter affecting a trust, a trustee informs a third party that he isbona fide purchaser for value without notice of a breach of trust—Trusts Act Anguilla

20 15/12/2000

(a) may deal with a trustee in relation to trust property as if the trustee were the beneficial

owner thereof; and

(b) is not affected by the trusts on which the property is held.

(5) A third party paying or advancing money to a trustee is not concerned to see—

(a) that the money is needed in the proper exercise of the trust functions;

(b) that no more than is so needed is raised; or

(c) that the transaction or the application of the money is proper.

(6) In this section “third party” means a person other than a settlor, trustee, protector or beneficiary

of the trust.

P

DUTIES AND POWERS OF TRUSTEES

ART 4

General duties of trustees

26.

(a) act with due diligence;

(b) observe utmost good faith;

(c) act to the best of his skills and abilities; and

(d) exercise the standard of care of a reasonable and prudent man of business.

(2) A trustee shall carry out and administer the trust in accordance with this Act and, subject

to this Act, in accordance with the terms of the trust.

(3) A trustee shall owe a fiduciary duty to the beneficiaries of the trust, the members of a class

for whose benefit the trust was established, or the purpose for which the trust was established.

(4) A fiduciary duty that is owed to a purpose for which a trust was established may be

enforced by the protector of the trust or, in the case of a trust established for a charitable purpose, by

the Attorney General.

(5) A trustee shall, subject to the terms of the trust and to the provisions of this Act—

(a) ensure that the trust property is held by or vested in him or is otherwise under his

control; and

(b) preserve and, so far as is reasonable, enhance the value of the trust property.

Anguilla

(1) A trustee shall in the execution of his functions—Trusts Act R.S.A. c. T70

15/12/2000 21

(6) Except with the approval of the Court or in accordance with the terms of the trust or the

provisions of this Act, a trustee shall not—

(a) derive, directly or indirectly, any profit from his trusteeship;

(b) cause or permit any other person other than a professional advisor consulted by him

under section 30(6) directly or indirectly to derive any profit from his trusteeship; or

(c) on his own account enter into any transaction with his co-trustees or relating to the

trust property that may result in any such profit.

(7) The trustee of a trust shall keep accurate accounts and records of his trusteeship.

(8) A trustee shall keep trust property separate from his own property and separately identifiable

from any other property of which he is a trustee.

Duty to supply information and duty of confidentiality

27.

in writing to that effect, provide full and accurate information as to the state and amount of the trust

property and the conduct of the trust administration to—

(a) the Court;

(b) the settlor or protector of the trust;

(c) in the case of a trust established for a charitable purpose, the Attorney General;

(d) subject to the terms of the trust, any beneficiary of the trust who is of full age and

capacity; and

(e) subject to the terms of the trust, any charity for the benefit of which the trust was

established.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act and to the terms of the trust, and except as is necessary

for the proper administration of the trust or by reason of any other Act, the trustee of a trust shall

keep confidential all information regarding the state and amount of the trust property or the conduct

of the trust administration.

(3) Subject to the terms of the trust and to any order of the Court, a trustee is not obliged to

disclose documents that reveal—

(a) his deliberations as to how he should exercise his functions as trustee;

(b) the reasons for any decision made in the exercise of those functions; or

(c) any material upon which a decision referred to in paragraph (b) was or might have

been made.

R.S.A. c. T70

(1) A trustee shall, so far as is reasonable and within a reasonable time of receiving a requestTrusts Act Anguilla

22 15/12/2000

Duty of trustees to act together

28.

trust.

(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), no functions conferred on trustees shall be exercised

unless all the trustees agree on their exercise.

(3) Subject to the terms of the trust and to subsection (4), any functions conferred on trustees

of a charitable trust shall be exercised if more than one-half of the trustees for the time being of the

trust agree on their exercise.

(4) The terms of a trust may empower the trustees to act individually or by a majority with

respect to the exercise of some or all of the functions conferred on the trustees or to delegate the exercise

of these functions to one or more trustees.

(5) A trustee who dissents from a decision of the majority of trustees or of a co-trustee or of

the trustees to whom any functions have been delegated may require his dissent to be recorded in

writing.

(1) Subject to the terms of the trust, all the trustees of a trust shall join in execution of the

Duty to act impartially

29.

or purposes, whether concurrent or consecutive, a trustee shall act impartially as between these

beneficiaries and purposes.

(2) Subject to the terms of the trust and to the provisions of this Act, any rule of law that

requires a trustee to buy, hold or sell certain investments or to apportion the capital or income of the

trust fund between beneficiaries is hereby abolished.

(1) Subject to the terms of the trust, where a trust is established for one or more beneficiaries

General powers of trustees

30.

to the trust property all the powers of a beneficial owner.

(2) Subject to the terms of the trust and the provisions of this Act, a trustee shall exercise his

functions only in the interests of the beneficiaries or of the purpose for which the trust is established

and in accordance with the terms of the trust.

(3) Where the terms of a trust provide that the trustee may add or remove beneficiaries or purposes

for which the trust is established, then, if that power is exercised properly and on the basis of

valid considerations, the exercise of the power shall not be regarded as a breach of the duty of the

trustee under the trust.

(4) A trustee may sue and be sued as trustee.

(5) The terms of a trust may require a trustee to consult or obtain the consent of another person

before exercising any functions under the trust.

(6) Where he considers it necessary or desirable in the interests of the good administration of

the trust, a trustee may consult a lawyer, accountant, investment advisor or other person in relation to

the affairs of the trust.

Anguilla

(1) Subject to the terms of the trust and the provisions of this Act, a trustee shall have in relationTrusts Act R.S.A. c. T70

15/12/2000 23

(7) A person is not, merely by virtue of giving or refusing his consent to the exercise of any

functions or being consulted in relation to the affairs of the trust, deemed to be a trustee or to owe a

fiduciary duty to the beneficiaries of the trust.

Powers of investment

31.

money requiring investment in any investment or property of whatsoever nature and wheresoever

situated and whether producing income or not and whether involving any liability or not and upon

such security, if any, as the trustee shall in his absolute discretion think fit as if the trustee were the

absolute owner thereof.

(2) Where the terms of a trust or any other instrument provide that any money requiring

investment shall only be invested in “authorised trustee investments” or any similar expression, the

money shall be invested only in investments that are specified in Schedule 1.

(3) The terms of a trust may provide that Schedule 1 shall apply to the trust with such modifications

as are specified by the terms of the trust.

(4) A trustee shall not be liable for breach of trust by reason only of continuing to hold an

investment that has ceased to be an investment authorised by the terms of the trust or by the general

law.

(5) Subject to the terms of the trust, in selecting investments a trustee or, as the case may be,

any investment advisor or other person to whom the trustee has delegated the management of the trust

property, shall have regard—

(a) to the need for diversification of investments in the trust insofar as is appropriate to

the circumstances of the trust; and

(b) to the suitability to the trust of the investments proposed.

(6) Subject to the terms of the trust, before investing money in any investment, a trustee shall

consider whether he should obtain appropriate advice as to whether the investment is suitable and

satisfactory and, if he considers that the obtaining of such advice is necessary, shall obtain and consider

such advice accordingly.

(7) Subject to the terms of the trust, a trustee shall determine whether and, if so, at what intervals

he should obtain appropriate advice as to whether the existing investments of the trust are suitable

and satisfactory and, if he considers that the obtaining of such advice is necessary, shall obtain

and consider such advice accordingly.

(8) For the purposes of subsections (6) and (7), advice is appropriate if it is the advice of a

person who is reasonably believed by the trustee to be qualified to give such advice, and that advice

may be given by a person notwithstanding that he gives it in the course of his employment, including

employment with a trustee of the trust.

(1) Subject to the terms of the trust and to the provisions of this Act, a trustee may invest any

Powers of trustees: Schedule 2

32.

trusts to which this section applies.

R.S.A. c. T70

(1) Subject to the terms of the trust, the powers contained in Schedule 2 shall apply to allTrusts Act Anguilla

24 15/12/2000

(2) The terms of a trust may provide that some or all of the powers contained in Schedule 2

shall be incorporated by reference and shall apply with or without modification and this section

applies to any trust the terms of which so provide.

Delegation by trustees

33.

Act or by the terms of the trust.

(2) Except where the terms of the trust provide to the contrary, a trustee may—

(a) delegate the management of trust property to, and appoint, investment managers

whom the trustee reasonably considers to be qualified to manage the investment of the

trust property;

(b) appoint and employ any lawyer, accountant or other person to act in relation to any of

the affairs of the trust or to hold any of the trust property; and

(c) authorise any person referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) to retain or receive any commission

or other payment usually payable for services of the description rendered.

(3) A trustee shall not be liable for any loss arising to the trust from a delegation or appointment

under subsection (2) or from the default of the delegate or appointee, if the trustee exercised the

standard of care of a reasonable and prudent man of business in—

(a) the selection of the delegate or appointee; and

(b) the supervision of the activities of the delegate or appointee.

(1) A trustee may not delegate the exercise of his functions unless permitted to do so by this

Reimbursement of expenses

34.

incurred by him in connection with the trust.

A trustee shall be entitled to be reimbursed out of the trust property all expenses properly

Payment of trustees

35.

shall be entitled to charge and be paid all usual professional or other charges for business transacted,

time spent and acts done by him or any partner or employee of his or of his firm in connection

with the trust including acts that a trustee who is not being engaged in any profession or business

could have done personally.

(2) Subject to the terms of the trust, a trust company shall be entitled to such remuneration as

may from time to time be agreed in writing between the trust company and the settlor or protector or,

in the absence of an agreement, in accordance with its standard terms and conditions as to the administration

of trusts current from time to time.

(3) Where the terms of trust provide that a trustee shall not receive any payment for acting as

trustee, payment may nevertheless be authorised—

(a) by the Court; or

Anguilla

(1) Subject to the terms of the trust, an individual trustee engaged in any profession or businessTrusts Act R.S.A. c. T70

15/12/2000 25

(b) by some or all of the beneficiaries of the trust;

but a beneficiary may not validly authorise payment if the beneficiary—

(c) is a minor or a person under legal disability;

(d) does not have full knowledge of all material facts; or

(e) is improperly induced by the trustee to authorise the payment.

(4) Where some only of the beneficiaries authorise payment to a trustee in accordance with

subsection (3), the payment shall be made out of the share of the trust property that in the opinion of

the trustee is referable to the interests of those beneficiaries who so authorise payment.

Power to appropriate

36.

trust property in or towards satisfaction of the interest of a beneficiary in the manner and in

accordance with the valuation that he considers appropriate.

Subject to the terms of the trust, a trustee may, without the consent of any beneficiary, appropriate

Power and duty of maintenance

37.

where any property is held by a trustee in trust for any beneficiary for any interest whatsoever—

(a) while the beneficiary is a minor, the trustee—

(i) may at his discretion pay to the parent or guardian of the beneficiary or otherwise

apply the whole or part of the income attributable to that interest for or towards

the maintenance, education or benefit of the beneficiary, and

(ii) shall accumulate the residue of the income as an accretion to the trust property

and as one fund with the trust property for all purposes but may, while the beneficiary

is a minor, apply those accumulations as if they were income of the then

current year; and

(b) if the beneficiary is no longer a minor and his interest has not yet vested in possession,

the trustee shall thenceforth pay the income attributable to the interest to the beneficiary

until his interest vests in possession or terminates.

Subject to the terms of the trust and to any prior interest or charge affecting the trust property,

Power of advancement

38.

the advancement or benefit of any beneficiary whose interest in the trust has not yet vested in possession,

but—

(a) any trust property so paid or applied shall be brought into account in determining the

share of the beneficiary in the trust property;

(b) no payment or application shall be made that prejudices any person entitled to any

prior interest unless the person is of full age and consents to the payment or application

or, if the person is not of full age, the Court consents; and

R.S.A. c. T70

Subject to the terms of the trust, a trustee may in his discretion pay or apply trust property forTrusts Act Anguilla

26 15/12/2000

(c) the part of the trust property so paid or advanced shall not exceed the presumptive

share of the beneficiary in the trust property.

Accumulation and maintenance settlements

39.

benefit of a beneficiary or a class of beneficiaries, the provisions of sections 37 and 38, unless the

terms of the trust otherwise provide, apply to the interest of such beneficiary or beneficiaries.

Where any property is directed to be held on accumulation and maintenance trusts for the

Receipt of parents or guardians

40.

shall be a sufficient discharge to the trustee for a payment made to or for the benefit of the beneficiary.

The receipt of a parent or guardian of a beneficiary who is a minor or is under legal disability

Power of appointment

41.

part of the trust property to, or to trustees for the benefit of, any person or valid charitable or noncharitable

purpose, whether or not the person was a beneficiary of the trust or the purpose was an

object of the trust prior to the appointment.

The terms of a trust may confer on the trustee or any other person power to appoint all or any

Power of revocation or variation

42.

capable of revocation, in whole or in part, or of variation.

(2) No such revocation or variation shall prejudice anything lawfully done by a trustee in

relation to the trust before he receives notice of the revocation or variation.

(3) Subject to the terms of the trust, if a trust is revoked in whole or in part, the trustee shall

hold the trust property that is the subject of the revocation in trust for the settlor absolutely or, if he is

dead, as if it had formed part of his estate at death.

(4) In so far as the terms of a trust make no provision for revocation of the trust, the trust is

irrevocable.

P

TERMINATION OR FAILURE OF TRUSTS

(1) A trust and any exercise of a power or discretion under a trust may be expressed to beART 5

Failure or lapse of interest

43.

(a) an interest lapses;

(b) a trust terminates; or

(c) there is no beneficiary and no person, whether or not then living, who can become a

beneficiary in accordance with the terms of the trust;

Anguilla

(1) Subject to the terms of the trust and to any order of the Court, where—Trusts Act R.S.A. c. T70

15/12/2000 27

the interest or property concerned shall be held by the trustee in trust for the settlor absolutely, or if he

is dead, as if it had formed part of his estate at death.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a trust established for a charitable purpose to which section

44 applies.

Application of property held on charitable trusts

44.

(a) the purpose has been, as far as may be, fulfilled;

(b) the purpose cannot be carried out at all or not according to the directions given and to

the spirit of the gift;

(c) the purpose provides a use for part only of the property;

(d) the property, and other property applicable for a similar purpose, can be more effectively

used in conjunction, and to that end can more suitably be applied to a common

purpose;

(e) the purpose was laid down by reference to an area that was then, but has since ceased

to be, a unit for some other purpose, or by reference to a class of persons or to an area

that has for any reason since ceased to be suitable or to be practicable in administering

the gift;

(f) the purpose has been adequately provided for by other means;

(g) the purpose has ceased to be charitable by reason of being useless or harmful to the

community or otherwise; or

(h) the purpose has ceased in any other way to provide a suitable and effective method of

using the property;

the property or the remainder of the property, as the case may be, shall be held for such other charitable

purpose as the Court, on the application of the Attorney General or the trustee, may declare to be

consistent with the original intention of the settlor.

(2) Where trust property is held for a charitable purpose, the Court, on the application of the

Attorney General or the trustee, may approve any arrangement that varies or revokes the purposes or

terms of the trust or enlarges or modifies the powers of management or administration of the trustee,

if it is satisfied that the arrangement—

(a) is now suitable or expedient; and

(b) is consistent with the original intention of the settlor.

(3) The Court shall not make a declaration under subsection (1) or approve an arrangement

under subsection (2) unless satisfied that any person with a material interest in the trust or in any fund

subject to the terms of the trust has had an opportunity to be heard.

R.S.A. c. T70

(1) Where trust property is held for a charitable purpose and—Trusts Act Anguilla

28 15/12/2000

Termination of trusts

45.

by the trustee within a reasonable time in accordance with the terms of the trust to the persons

entitled thereto.

(2) The trustee may retain sufficient assets to make reasonable provision for liabilities, existing,

future, contingent or otherwise.

(1) On the termination of a trust, the trust property shall, subject to subsection (2), be distributed

Termination by beneficiaries

46.

where—

(a) all the beneficiaries are in existence and have been ascertained;

(b) none is a person under legal disability or a minor; and

(c) all beneficiaries are in agreement to do so;

the beneficiaries may, subject to subsection (2), require the trustee to terminate the trust and distribute

the trust property as the beneficiaries direct.

(2) A beneficiary of an interest under a protective or spendthrift trust may not enter into an

agreement referred to in subsection (1).

P

VARIATION OF TRUSTS

(1) Without prejudice to any power of the Court, and notwithstanding the terms of the trust,ART 6

Power to provide for variation of terms of trust

47.

(2) This section is in addition to section 48.

(1) The terms of a trust may be varied in any manner provided by its terms.

Variation of trusts by the Court

48.

representative, or the protector of a trust, approve on behalf of—

(a) a minor or a person under legal disability having directly or indirectly an interest,

vested or contingent, under the trust;

(b) any person unborn;

(c) any person who is presently unascertained but who may become entitled directly or

indirectly to an interest under the trust, as being at a future date or on the happening of

a future event a person of any specified description or a member of any specified

class; or

Anguilla

(1) The Court may, on the application of any beneficiary, the trustee, the settlor or his personalTrusts Act R.S.A. c. T70

15/12/2000 29

(d) any person, in respect of an interest that may accrue to him by virtue of the exercise of

a discretionary power on the failure or determination of an interest under a protective

or spendthrift trust;

any arrangement that varies or revokes the terms of the trust or enlarges or modifies the powers of

management or administration of the trustee, whether or not there is another person with a beneficial

interest who is capable of assenting to the arrangement, but the Court shall not approve an arrangement

on behalf of a person mentioned in paragraphs (a), (b) or (c) unless the arrangement appears to

be for his benefit.

(2) Where, in the management or administration of a trust, any sale, lease, pledge, charge, surrender,

release or other disposition, or any purchase, investment, acquisition, expenditure or other

transaction is, in the opinion of the Court, expedient, but cannot be effected because the necessary

power has not been conferred on the trustee by the terms of the trust or by law, the Court, on the

application of the trustee—

(a) may confer upon the trustee, generally or in any particular circumstances, the necessary

power, on such terms and subject to such conditions as the Court thinks fit; and

(b) may direct the manner in which, and the property from which, any money authorised

to be expended, and costs of any transaction, are to be paid or borne.

P

BREACH OF TRUST

ART 7

Liability for breach of trust

49.

concurs in a breach of trust is liable for—

(a) any loss or depreciation in value of the trust property resulting from the breach; and

(b) any profit that would have accrued to the trust had there been no breach.

(2) A trustee may not set off a profit accruing from one breach of trust against a loss or depreciation

in value resulting from another.

(3) A trustee is not liable for a breach of trust committed by another person prior to his

appointment or for a breach of trust committed by a co-trustee unless—

(a) he becomes or ought to have become aware of the breach; and

(b) he actively conceals the breach, or fails within a reasonable time to take proper steps

to protect or restore the trust property or to prevent the continuance of the breach.

(4) Where trustees are liable for a breach of trust, they are liable jointly and severally.

R.S.A. c. T70

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act and to the terms of the trust, a trustee who commits orTrusts Act Anguilla

30 15/12/2000

(5) A trustee who becomes aware of a breach of trust shall take all reasonable steps to have

the breach remedied.

(6) Nothing in the terms of a trust shall relieve a trustee of liability for a breach of trust arising

from his own fraud or wilful misconduct.

Constructive trusts

50.

trust, shall be deemed to be a trustee of the profit or property, unless he derives or obtains it in good

faith and without actual, constructive or implied notice of the breach of trust.

(2) A person who becomes a trustee by virtue of subsection (1) shall deliver up the profit or

property to the person properly entitled to it.

(3) This section does not exclude any other circumstances in which a constructive trust may

arise.

(1) A person who derives a profit from a breach of trust, or who obtains property in breach of

Tracing trust property

51.

dealt with in breach of trust, or any property into which it has been converted, may be followed and

recovered unless—

(a) it is no longer identifiable; or

(b) it is in the hands of a

implied notice of the breach of trust.

Without prejudice to the personal liability of a trustee, trust property that has been charged orbona fide purchaser for value without actual, constructive or

Beneficiary may relieve or indemnify a trustee

52.

trustee against liability for a breach of trust.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply if the beneficiary—

(a) is a minor or a person under legal disability;

(b) does not have full knowledge of all material facts; or

(c) is improperly induced by the trustee to act under subsection (1).

(1) A beneficiary may relieve a trustee of liability to him for a breach of trust or indemnify a

Power to relieve trustee from personal liability

53.

appears to the Court that the trustee has acted honestly and reasonably and ought fairly to be excused

for the breach of trust or for omitting to obtain the directions of the Court in the matter in which the

breach arose.

The Court may relieve a trustee wholly or partly of liability for a breach of trust where it

Power to make beneficiaries indemnify

54.

of a beneficiary, the Court, whether or not the beneficiary is a minor or a person under legal

Anguilla

Where a trustee commits a breach of trust at the instigation, at the request or with the concurrenceTrusts Act R.S.A. c. T70

15/12/2000 31

disability, may impound all or part of the interest of that beneficiary by way of indemnity to the trustee

or any person claiming through him.

P

POWERS OF THE COURT

ART 8

Jurisdiction of the Court

55.

(a) the proper law of the trust is the law of Anguilla;

(b) a trustee of the trust is resident in Anguilla;

(c) any property of the trust is situated in Anguilla;

(d) any part of the administration of the trust is carried on in Anguilla; or

(e) where, in any other case, the Court thinks it appropriate.

The Court has jurisdiction in respect of any matters concerning a trust where—

General powers of the Court

56.

protector, the Attorney General in the case of a trust established for a charitable purpose or, with the

leave of the Court, any other person, the Court may—

(a) make an order in respect of—

(i) the execution, administration or enforcement of a trust,

(ii) a trustee, including an order as to the exercise by a trustee of his functions, the

removal of a trustee, the appointment, remuneration or conduct of a trustee, the

keeping and submission of accounts, and the making of payments, whether into

Court or otherwise,

(iii) a protector, including an order appointing a protector,

(iv) a beneficiary or any person connected with a trust, or

(v) any trust property, including an order as to the vesting, preservation, application,

surrender or recovery thereof;

(b) make a declaration as to the validity or enforceability of a trust;

(c) direct the trustee to distribute, or not to distribute, the trust property;

(d) make such order in respect of the termination of the trust and the distribution of the

property as it thinks fit; or

R.S.A. c. T70

(1) On the application of a trustee, a beneficiary, a settlor or his personal representatives, aTrusts Act Anguilla

32 15/12/2000

(e) rescind or vary an order or declaration under this Act, or make a new or further order

or declaration.

(2) Where the Court appoints or removes a trustee under this section—

(a) it may impose such requirements and conditions as it thinks fit, including provisions

as to remuneration and requirements or conditions as to the vesting of trust property;

and

(b) subject to the Court’s order, a trustee appointed by the Court has the same functions,

and may act in all respects as if he had been originally appointed a trustee.

(3) If a person does not comply with an order of the Court under this Act requiring him to do

any thing, the Court may, on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit, order that the thing be done by

another person nominated for the purpose by the Court at the expense of the person in default or

otherwise, as the Court directs, and a thing so done has effect in all respects as if done by the person

in default.

Applications for directions

57.

affairs of the trust, and the Court may make such order as it thinks fit.

A trustee may apply to the Court for directions as to how he should or might act in any of the

Payment of costs

58.

under this Act to be paid from the trust property or in such manner and by such persons as it thinks

fit.

P

CHOICE OF GOVERNING LAW

The Court may order the costs and expenses of, and incidental to, an application to the CourtART 9

Governing law

59.

trust and to any evidence therein as to the intention of the settlor, and the other circumstances of the

trust are to be taken into account only if the terms of the trust fail to provide such evidence.

(2) A term of the trust expressly selecting the laws of Anguilla to govern the trust is valid,

effective and conclusive regardless of any other circumstances.

(3) A term of the trust that the laws of Anguilla are to govern a particular aspect of the trust or

that Anguilla or the courts of Anguilla are the forum for the administration of the trust, or any like

provision, is conclusive evidence, subject to any contrary term of the trust, that the parties intended

the laws of Anguilla to be the governing law of the trust and is valid and effective accordingly.

(4) If the terms of a trust so provide, the governing law of the trust may be changed to or from

the laws of Anguilla if—

Anguilla

(1) In determining the governing law of a trust, regard is first to be had to the terms of theTrusts Act R.S.A. c. T70

15/12/2000 33

(a) in the case of a change to the law of Anguilla, the change is recognised by the governing

law of the trust previously in effect; and

(b) in the case of a change from the law of Anguilla, the new governing law would recognise

the validity of the trust and the respective interests of the beneficiaries.

(5) A change in governing law shall not affect the legality or validity of, or render any person

liable for, any thing done before the change.

Matters determined by governing law

60.

Anguilla, or in regard to any disposition of property upon the trusts thereof including, without prejudice

to the generality of the foregoing, questions as to—

(a) the capacity of any settlor;

(b) any aspect of the validity of the trust or disposition or the interpretation or effect

thereof;

(c) the administration of the trust, whether the administration be conducted in Anguilla or

elsewhere, including questions as to the powers, obligations, liabilities and rights of

trustees and their appointment and removal; or

(d) the existence and extent of powers, conferred or retained, including powers of variation

or revocation of the trust and powers of appointment, and the validity of any

exercise thereof;

are to be determined according to the laws of Anguilla, without reference to the laws of any other

jurisdictions with which the trust or disposition may be connected.

(2) This section—

(a) shall not validate—

(i) any disposition of property that is neither owned by the settlor nor the subject of a

power in that behalf vested in the settlor,

(ii) any trust or disposition of immovable property situated in a jurisdiction other than

Anguilla in which the trust or disposition is invalid according to the laws of the

jurisdiction, or

(iii) any testamentary trust or disposition that is invalid according to the laws of the

testator’s domicile;

(b) shall not affect the recognition of foreign laws in determining whether the settlor is

the owner of the settled property or is the holder of a power to dispose of such

property;

(c) shall take effect subject to any express term of a trust or disposition to the contrary;

R.S.A. c. T70

(1) All questions arising in regard to a trust that is for the time being governed by the laws ofTrusts Act Anguilla

34 15/12/2000

(d) as regards the capacity of a company, shall not affect the recognition of the laws of its

place of incorporation; and

(e) shall not affect the recognition of foreign laws prescribing generally, without reference

to the existence or terms of the trust, the formalities for the disposition of

property.

Exclusion of foreign law

61.

the laws of Anguilla and no disposition of property to be held upon the trusts thereof is void, voidable,

liable to be set aside or defective in any fashion, nor is the capacity of any settlor to be questioned

by reason that—

(a) the laws of any foreign jurisdiction prohibit or do not recognise the concept of a trust;

or

(b) the trust or disposition—

(i) avoids or defeats rights, claims or interests conferred by foreign law upon any

person by reason of a personal relationship to the settlor or by way of heirship

rights, or

(ii) contravenes any rule of foreign law or any foreign judicial or administrative order

or action intended to recognise, protect, enforce or give effect to any such rights,

claims or interests.

P

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO A FOREIGN TRUST

Without limiting the generality of section 60, it is expressly declared that no trust governed byART 10

Application of Part

62.

(2) For the purposes of this Part, a foreign trust includes every trust not governed by the laws

of Anguilla.

(1) This Part applies only to a foreign trust.

Enforceability of a foreign trust

63.

the foreign law applicable to the validity, construction and administration thereof.

(2) A foreign trust shall be enforceable in Anguilla except to the extent that it purports to do

anything the doing of which is contrary to the law of Anguilla or to confer any right or power or

impose any obligation the exercise or carrying out of which is contrary to the law of Anguilla.

Anguilla

(1) Subject to subsection (2), a foreign trust or a severable aspect thereof shall be governed byTrusts Act R.S.A. c. T70

15/12/2000 35

P

VARIANT TYPES OF TRUST

ART 11

Variant types of trust

64.

recognised by the law or rules of his religion or nationality or that is customarily used by his community,

if—

(a) there is a recital to that effect in the instrument creating the trust; and

(b) the trust is of a type approved by the Attorney General by Order published in the

(1) A settlor may create a trust, in whatever form and by whatever name it is known, of a type

Gazette

(2) The instrument creating a trust may be written in a language other than English, if a version

in the English language certified by the original trustee to be a true translation is appended to the

instrument.

.

Provisions of variant types of trust

65.

property—

(a) for such term as is provided in the trust, to pay or apply the income and capital thereof

for the maintenance, education, advancement or benefit of the family of the settlor or

for the purposes of performing acts or services in honour of the settlor or the ancestors

of the settlor or for any one or more of them; and

(b) thereafter for the advancement of the settlor’s religion or for such other charitable

purpose as the settlor may specify or, if the settlor has not specified a charitable purpose,

for such charitable purpose as the trustee shall determine.

P

OPTIONAL REGISTRATION OF TRUSTS AND EXEMPTION FROM TAXES

A trust of a type approved under section 64(1) may provide that the trustee shall hold the trustART 12

Facility to register trusts

66.

“Register” means the Register referred to in subsection (2);

“Registrar” means the Registrar of Companies.

(2) The Registrar of Companies shall maintain a Register of Trusts.

(3) The settlor or a trustee of a trust may apply but, subject to the terms of the trust, shall not

be obliged to apply to the Registrar to enter the trust on the Register.

R.S.A. c. T70

(1) In this section—Trusts Act Anguilla

36 15/12/2000

(4) An application for entry on the Register shall be accompanied by—

(a) a certified copy of the instrument creating the trust, if any; and

(b) the prescribed fee.

(5) The Registrar shall, on receipt of an application for registration, a certified copy of the

instrument creating the trust, if any, and the required fee—

(a) enter on the Register the name of the trust, if any, the name of the settlor and the name

of the beneficiary or the purpose for which the trust is established; and

(b) issue to the trustee a certificate of registration.

(6) Where the terms of a trust that has been registered are varied, the trustee shall send to the

Registrar a notification of the variation together with the prescribed fee and the Registrar shall amend

the entry on the Register accordingly and issue an amended certificate of registration.

(7) Where a trust that has been registered terminates, the trustee shall notify the Registrar and

return the certificate of registration and the Registrar shall then cancel the entry on the Register and

the certificate of registration.

(8) The Register shall not be open for inspection except that the trustee of a trust may in

writing authorise a person to inspect the entry of that trust on the Register.

Exemption from taxes

67.

(a) the settlor is not resident in Anguilla;

(b) none of the beneficiaries are resident in Anguilla; and

(c) the trust property does not include any land situated in Anguilla or the shares of any

company beneficially owning any land situated in Anguilla.

(2) Subject to this Act, any exempt trust shall not be subject to any income tax, withholding

tax, asset tax, gift tax, profits tax, capital gains tax, distributions tax, inheritance tax, estate duty or

other like taxes based upon or measured by assets or income originating outside of Anguilla or in

connection with matters of administration that may occur in Anguilla, except as provided in

section 66.

P

SUPPLEMENTAL

(1) For the purposes of this Act, a trust is an exempt trust if—ART 13

Regulations

68.

Anguilla

The Governor may make regulations for the better carrying out of this Act including regulations—Trusts Act R.S.A. c. T70

15/12/2000 37

(a) prescribing anything that may be prescribed under this Act; and

(b) amending, making deletions from, adding to or replacing Schedule 1.

Citation

69.

This Act may be cited as the Trusts Act, Revised Statutes of Anguilla, Chapter T70.

___________

SCHEDULE 1

(Section 31)

AUTHORISED TRUSTEE INVESTMENTS

Interpretation

1.

“approved stock exchange” means—

(a) The International Stock Exchange of the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland Limited

including the Unlisted Security Market of the International Stock Exchange;

(b) the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange and the National Association of

Security Dealers’ Automated Quotation System of the United States of America;

(c) the major stock exchanges of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France,

Germany, Hong Kong, India, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand,

Norway, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland; or

(d) the major stock exchanges of the countries of Central and South America;

“debentures” includes debenture stock and bonds, whether constituting a charge on assets or not, and loan stock

or notes;

“quoted company” means a company the ordinary shares in which are quoted on an approved stock exchange;

“quoted mutual fund” means an open end or closed end mutual fund the shares in which are quoted on an

approved stock exchange;

“quoted shares” means shares quoted on an approved stock exchange;

“quoted unit trust” means a unit trust the units in which are quoted on an approved stock exchange;

“securities” includes shares, debentures, treasury bills and tax reserve certificates;

“shares” include stock.

In this Schedule—

Authorised trustee investments

2.

The following are specified as authorised trustee investments—

R.S.A. c. T70

Trusts Act Anguilla

38 15/12/2000

(a) securities issued by, or the payment of interest on which is guaranteed by, the Government of

Anguilla;

(b) securities issued by, or the payment of interest on which is guaranteed by, any of the

following—

(i) the Government of the United Kingdom,

(ii) the Government of the United States of America,

(iii) the Government of any territory within the Commonwealth,

(iv) the African Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the European Union, the

European Investment Bank, the International Finance Corporation, the International

Monetary Fund or the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development;

(c) deposits with a company, incorporated, continued or registered under the Companies Act that

is a licensed financial institution within the meaning of the Banking Act or the Trust

Companies and Offshore Banking Act;

(d) debentures issued by a quoted company;

(e) units in a quoted unit trust;

(f) quoted shares;

(g) freehold property situated in Anguilla and leasehold property situated in Anguilla of which the

unexpired term at the time of the investment is not less than 40 years and mortgages of that

freehold or leasehold property;

(h) shares in a quoted mutual fund.

___________

SCHEDULE 2

(Section 32)

POWERS OF TRUSTEES

Trust for sale

1.

Fund Upon Trust to sell the same with power to postpone the sale thereof or of any part thereof for such period

as they shall in their absolute discretion think fit and shall stand possessed of all other investments comprised in

the Trust Fund Upon Trust at such discretion either to retain the same in the existing state thereof for such

period as they shall think fit or at any time or times to sell the same or any part thereof.

(2) The Trustees shall hold the net proceeds of any sale of investments comprised in the Trust Fund

and all other moneys held or received by them as capital moneys Upon Trust to invest the same at their

discretion in or upon any of the investments by this instrument authorised with powers to vary or transpose such

investments for or into others of a like nature.

(1) The Trustees shall stand possessed of any real property from time to time comprised in the Trust

Anguilla

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15/12/2000 39

Powers of investment

2.

currency and in any part of the world in the purchase of or upon the security of such common or preferred

stocks, shares, mutual fund shares, unit trust units or other securities or commodities (including precious

metals), bonds, notes, debentures, certificates of deposit or time deposits, land or other investments or property

of whatever nature (and whether or not income-producing or paying dividends or interest) and, whether

involving liabilities or not or upon such personal credit with or without security as the Trustees in their absolute

discretion think fit without being restricted to trustee investments prescribed under the proper law governing

this instrument and to the intent that the Trustees shall have the same powers in all respects as if they were

absolute owners beneficially entitled And in addition (but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing)

the Trustees may invest the Trust Fund in the shares or debentures of any company whatsoever and

wheresoever incorporated without the need for diversification and without being liable for any loss occasioned

thereby.

TRUST moneys to be invested under the trusts of this instrument may be applied or invested in any

Power with regard to mode of application of capital and income

3.

the Trust Fund or any income thereof for the benefit of any beneficiary may at the discretion of the Trustees be

validly exercised (without prejudice to the generality of such power or to any other mode of application)—

(a) by paying or transferring the same to the trustees of any settlement (whether or not such

trustees are resident in Anguilla and whether or not the proper law of such settlement is the

law of Anguilla) the provisions of which are in the opinion of the Trustees for the benefit of

such beneficiary notwithstanding that such settlement may also contain trusts, powers or

provisions (discretionary or otherwise) in favour of other persons or objects; or

(b) (in case of any such person who is a minor) by paying or transferring the same to such minor’s

parent or guardian or some other person for the time being having the care or custody of such

minor upon the recipient undertaking to apply the same for the benefit of the minor;

And the Trustees shall not thereafter be under any obligation to see to the further application of the capital or

income so paid or transferred and the receipt of such trustees, parent, guardian or other person shall be a full,

sufficient and complete discharge to the Trustees.

ANY power by this instrument or by law conferred on the Trustees to pay, transfer, appropriate or apply

Additional powers

4.

(1) Power to receive any property from any person as an addition to the Trust Fund either by gift

vivos

(2) Power to borrow on the security of the Trust Fund and for such purpose to make any outlay out of

the Trust Fund or the income thereof and to enter into such contracts, mortgages, charges or undertakings

relating thereto as the Trustees may in their absolute discretion think fit;

(3) Power to lend any part of the Trust Fund to any person (whether or not a beneficiary) upon such

terms (if any) as to security repayment rate or interest and otherwise as the Trustees in their absolute discretion

may determine;

(4) With respect to any property comprised in the Trust Fund power to exercise all powers relating

thereto as if beneficially entitled thereto and without being restricted in any way by the office of trustee

including (without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power)—

(a) Power to vote upon or in respect of any shares, securities, bonds, notes or other evidence

of interest in or obligations of any company, trust, association or concern whether or not

The Trustees shall have the following powers in addition to those conferred by law—interor by will or under the provisions of any other settlement or trust or otherwise;

R.S.A. c. T70

Trusts Act Anguilla

40 15/12/2000

the exercise of such power affects the security or the apparent security of the Trust Fund

or the purchase or sale or lease of the assets of any such corporation trust association or

concern;

(b) Power to deposit any such shares, securities or property in any voting trust or with any

depository designated thereby;

(c) Power to give proxies or power of attorney with or without power of substitution for

voting or acting on behalf of the Trustees as the owners of any such property; and

(d) Power to omit to register bonds or securities;

(5) Power (at the expense of the Trust Fund) to incorporate or register or to procure the incorporation

or registration of any company (with limited or unlimited liability) in any part of the world for any purpose,

including the acquisition of the Trust Fund or any part thereof and so that (if thought fit) the consideration on

the sale of the Trust Fund to any such company may consist wholly or partly of fully paid shares, debentures,

debenture stock or other securities of the company credited as fully paid that shall be allotted to or otherwise

vested in the Trustees and be capital moneys in the Trustees’ hands;

(6) Power at any time to apply part of the Trust Fund or the income thereof in effecting or joining in

effecting or otherwise acquiring any policy of assurance on the life of any beneficiary or of any other person or

any endowment or other policy and to maintain, surrender, exchange, exercise any option thereunder or

otherwise deal with such policies as if the Trustees were absolutely entitled thereto;

(7) Power to pay out at any time any part of the Trust Fund in purchasing or acquiring or making

improvements in or repairs to or on any land or building (whether freehold, leasehold or of any other tenure or

interest, and of whatsoever description and situate in any part of the world) in the occupation of or intended for

occupation by any beneficiary And power to permit any beneficiary to occupy until sale of any land or building

purchased or acquired as aforesaid or otherwise comprised in the Trust Fund upon such terms (as to payment or

non-payment of rent, outgoings, repairs or otherwise) as the Trustees may think fit;

(8) Power at any time or times to lay out any part of the Trust Fund in the purchase or other acquisition

of any yachts, boats, motor vehicles, works of art, household furniture, plate, linen, china, cutlery and other

articles of household use, ornament or equipment and other chattels for the use of any beneficiary whether

occupying a building purchased or acquired as aforesaid or otherwise And power to hand over to any such

beneficiary for his use any property so purchased or acquired by the Trustees as aforesaid or otherwise forming

part of the Trust Fund upon and subject to such terms and conditions (if any) as to insurance, preservation,

maintaining inventories and otherwise as the Trustees think fit;

(9) Power to grant options for such consideration and exercise at such time or times or within such

period as the Trustees think fit for the purchase of any property subject to the trusts of this instrument or the

acquisition of any interest therein;

(10) Power to keep the Trust Fund either in or out of Anguilla and, if the Trustees think fit, to hold in

any part of the world all or any securities or other property in bearer form or registered in the name of the

Trustees or nominees without disclosing the fiduciary relationship;

(11) In the event of any duties, fees or taxes whatsoever becoming payable in any part of the world in

respect of the Trust Fund or any part thereof in any circumstances whatsoever, power to pay all such duties, fees

or taxes out of the Trust Fund or the income thereof with discretion as to the time and manner in which the said

duties, fees or taxes shall be paid and the Trustees may pay such duties, fees or taxes notwithstanding that the

same shall not be recoverable from the Trustees or from any persons interested under the trusts of this

instrument or that the payment shall not be to the advantage of such persons;

Anguilla

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(12) Power to make such reserves out of the Trust Fund or the income thereof as the Trustees deem

proper for expenses, taxes and other liabilities and to pay from capital or income or to apportion between capital

and income any expenses of making or changing investments and selling, exchanging or leasing (including

brokers’ commissions and charges) and generally to determine what part of the expenses of administering the

trusts of this instrument shall be charged to capital and what part to income;

(13) Power to make, execute and deliver deeds, assignments, transfers, leases, mortgages, instruments of

pledge creating liens, contracts and other instruments sealed and unsealed;

(14) Power to institute, prosecute and defend any suits or actions or other proceedings affecting the

Trustees or the Trust Fund and to compromise any matter of difference or to submit such matter to arbitration

and to compromise or compound any debt owing to the Trustees or any other claims and to adjust any disputes

in relation to debts or claims against them as trustees upon evidence that the Trustees shall deem sufficient and

to make partition upon such terms (including if thought fit the payment or receipt of equality money) as the

Trustees, shall deem desirable with co-owners or joint tenants besides the Trustees having any interest in any

property in which the Trustees are interested and to make partition either by sale or by set-off or by agreement

or otherwise;

(15) Power to make any distribution of the Trust Fund pursuant to the trusts of this instrument in cash or

in kind or partly in cash and partly in kind and in the case of a distribution to more than one person not strictly

rateably but on the basis of equal or other proportionate value (as the case may require) according to the

judgment of the Trustees, which shall be binding on all persons interested under this instrument;

(16) Power to take at the expense of the Trust Fund or the income thereof the opinion of legal counsel

concerning any question arising under this instrument or on any matter in any way relating to the Trust Fund or

the duties of the Trustees in connection with this instrument And the Trustees shall not be liable for any action

taken in good faith pursuant to or otherwise in accordance with the opinion or advice of such counsel;

(17) Power—

(a) to engage the services of such investment counsel adviser or manager (“the Investment

Adviser”) as the Trustees may from time to time think fit (including the Settlor or any trustee

of this instrument or any trust company or any parent subsidiary or affiliate of such trust

company) in order to obtain advice on the investment and reinvestment of the Trust Fund

AND to delegate to the Investment Adviser without being liable for any consequential loss

discretion to manage the portfolio or any part thereof within the limits and for the period

stipulated by the Trustees, and the Trustees—

(i) shall settle the terms and conditions for the remuneration of the Investment Adviser and

the reimbursement of the Investment Adviser’s expenses as in their uncontrolled

discretion they deem proper, and such remuneration and expenses may be paid by the

Trustees from and out of the Trust Fund; and

(ii) shall not be liable for any action taken in good faith pursuant to or otherwise in

accordance with the advice of the Investment Adviser;

(b) to employ and pay at the expense of the capital or income of the Trust Fund any agent or

agents in any part of the world whether solicitors, bankers, accountants, stockbrokers,

managers or other persons (including the Settlor or any trustee of this instrument or any trust

company or any parent subsidiary or affiliate of such trust company) to transact any business

or to do any act requiring to be transacted or done in execution of the trusts of this instrument

including the receipt and payment of money and the execution of documents and in any such

event the trustee, the trust company or the parent subsidiary or the affiliate of such trust

company is entitled to charge and be paid and to retain for his or its own account all usual

R.S.A. c. T70

Trusts Act Anguilla

42 15/12/2000

professional and other fees and commissions normally paid for such services including fees

and commissions shared with other agents;

Trustees may exercise powers despite personal interest

(18) Power for all or any of the Trustees—

(a) to exercise or join or concur in exercising all or any of the powers and discretions by this

instrument or by law given to the Trustees notwithstanding that such trustee may have a

personal interest in the mode or result of exercising any such power or discretion or may be

interested therein in some other fiduciary capacity but any trustee may abstain from acting

except as a merely formal party in any matter in which he may be so interested as aforesaid

and may allow his co-trustees to act alone in the exercise of such powers and discretion in

relation to such matter; and

To effect transactions

(b) to purchase or sell any property notwithstanding that the vendor or purchaser is the same as or

includes the Trustees or any of them PROVIDED that the price payable on any such purchase

or sale is certified as fair and reasonable by an independent valuer employed for the purpose

by the Trustees;

Residuary power

(19) Power to effect any transaction concerning or affecting the Trust Fund or any other property

whatsoever and to do all other acts and things that the Trustees may in their absolute discretion think expedient

in the interests of the Trust Fund or any beneficiary And for the purpose of this section, “transaction” includes

any sale, exchange, assurance, conveyance, grant, lease, surrender, reconveyance, release, reservation or other

disposition and any purchase or other acquisition and any covenant, contract, licence, option, right of preemption

and any compromise or partition and any company reconstruction or amalgamation and any other

dealing or arrangement, And “effect” has the meaning appropriate to the particular transaction And references

to property include references to restrictions and burdens affecting the property;

Powers of sale etc.

(20) All the powers of sale (by public auction or private contract), exchange, mortgaging, leasing or

other disposition, management, repair, building and improvement and all other powers of an absolute beneficial

owner in respect of any property for the time being comprised in the Trust Fund including, without prejudice to

the generality of the foregoing, the power of borrowing on the security of the Trust Fund and for such purpose

to make any outlay out of the income or capital of the Trust Fund and to make such contracts and to enter into

such undertakings relating thereto as the Trustees in their absolute discretion shall think fit;

(21) Power to spend capital moneys of the Trust Fund on erecting buildings on land for the time being

comprised in the Trust Fund or on demolishing and rebuilding or on altering or improving buildings on it or

otherwise on improving said land as the Trustees think fit (and any certificate of any architect or surveyor

employed by the Trustees or of any Trustee who is qualified as an architect or surveyor that the work specified

in such certificate consists only of alteration or improvement shall be conclusive as between the Trustees and all

persons interested under the Trust that any capital money spent on such work was properly spent by the

Trustees in exercise of the powers conferred by this subparagraph) And to employ any of the capital of the Trust

Fund in repairing, developing, enlarging, equipping, furnishing, insuring and maintaining the said land and

buildings and fixtures on it;

(22) Where the trust property includes any chattel, the Trustees may employ any of the capital of the

Trust Fund in repairing or insuring such chattel and may store, lend or hire it on such terms as the Trustees think

fit;

Anguilla

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Power to give guarantees

(23) Power at any time in the Trustees’ discretion and on such terms as they deem fit to appropriate or to

apply the capital or income of the Trust Fund or any part thereof in order to secure the payment of money owed

by any beneficiary or the performance of any obligations of any beneficiary and to give any guarantee or to

become surety for any beneficiary and for such purposes to mortgage or charge any investments or property for

the time being forming part of the Trust Fund or to deposit or transfer any such investments or property with or

to any person by way of security;

To release fiduciary powers

(24) Power from time to time by deed revocable or irrevocable wholly or partially to release, extinguish

or restrict any power by this instrument or by law conferred on the Trustees notwithstanding the fiduciary

nature of any such power (but not so as to invalidate any prior exercise thereof).

Exclusion of apportionments

5.

income received shall be treated for all purposes as income accruing at the due date of payment whether or not

such dividends or income may have been earned and accrued wholly or partially in respect of a period prior to

such date.

UNLESS the Trustees in their absolute discretion shall otherwise determine all dividends and other

Protection of third parties in dealings with trustees

6.

Trustees shall be concerned to enquire into the propriety or validity of any act of the Trustees or to see to the

application of any money paid or property transferred to or upon the order of the Trustees.

(2) NO firm, association or company, any of whose securities are comprised in the Trust Fund, and no

purchaser or person dealing with any trustee purporting to act under any delegation of authority from any other

trustee shall be required to ascertain or enquire whether a case exists in which such delegation is permitted or

whether such delegated authority is still subsisting.

(3) WHEN anything is dependent upon the value of any property or the existence of any fact, a

certificate of the Trustees as to such value or fact shall be conclusive in favour of anyone acting thereon in good

faith.

(1) NO person or company dealing with the Trustees and no purchaser on any sale made by the

Power in relation to underlying company or companies

7.

subsidiary or affiliate of such trust company may act as a director, officer, manager or employee of any

company whose shares or debentures may be comprised in the Trust Fund or as a director, officer, manager or

employee of any subsidiary or holding company of any such company and may retain for himself or itself any

remuneration that he or it may receive as such director, officer, manager or employee, notwithstanding that any

votes or other rights attaching to such shares or debentures may have been instrumental either alone or in

conjunction with other matters or by reason of their non-exercise in procuring or continuing for him or it, his or

its position as such director, officer, manager or employee or that his or its qualifications for any such position

may be constituted in part or in whole by any such shares or debentures.

ANY trustee of this instrument and any director, officer or employee of a trust company or of a parent

Trustee not bound to interfere with company management

8.

business of any company in which the Trust Fund may be invested (and whether or not the Trustees have the

control of such company) And so long as no trustee of this instrument has notice of any wilful negligence,

wilful default or fraud or dishonesty on the part of the directors having the management of such company, they

may leave the same (including the payment or non-payment of dividends) wholly to such directors, And no

beneficiary is entitled as such beneficiary in any way to compel, control or forbid the exercise (including in any

particular manner) of any voting or other rights at any time vested in the Trustees with regard to such company,

THE Trustees shall not be bound or required to interfere in the management or conduct of the affairs or

R.S.A. c. T70

Trusts Act Anguilla

44 15/12/2000

including without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, any powers the Trustees may have (even if also

directors of such company) of compelling such company to distribute any dividend.

___________

 

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